Yes, Partnership firm can give loan to its partners. Partnership firm business is owned and managed by partners. Partners can mutually decide to given loan to partner from Partnership firm. When loan is given without taking any guarantee from partner it is called as Unsecured loan. Partnership deed is governing documents for act of firm. Partnership firm operates business as per terms of partnership deed. Before giving loan to partner form Firm , firm must check that there is no restriction in giving loan to partner.
As Partnership Act 1932 there is no restriction of Loan amount. Partner can mutually decide about loan amount. To keep loan to partner transaction transparent firm shall given loan on interest to partner. Interest on loan should be charged according to market loan rates. Interest received on loan given to partner is Interest income of firm. As appropriate income tax provisions and tax rate shall apply.
Partnership firm can enter into contract with partner for processing loan. To keep loan transaction between firm and partner loan contract / agreement is required. Firm and desired partner shall enter into contract. Content of loan agreement between firm and partner is as below.
In Partnership Firm give loan to partner it charges interest on loan as per loan contact. This result in Interest income to firm. This interest income get added in firms net taxable profit and income tax shall be applicable.
Partnership firm partners are responsible for maintaining its books of account. In books of account of firm this loan given by firm to partner need to get reported in firm balance sheet. This amount is under asset side of firm as Loan & Advance ( Given ).
In Partners personal Income tax return amount received from Partnership firm shall be reported. Amount received as loan get grouped under liability side in partners personal ITR.